From a small town to Olympic arenas, volleyball and its beginning: you may know the game but do you know the rules?


William G. Morgan, a name you may not have heard of before and certainly would not be put next to Albert Einstein but Morgan who is also an inventor, was born in 1870 in Lockport, New York is the father of volleyball.


Morgan’s athletic skills were impressive from when he was just a little boy but it was not until he met James Naismith, who encouraged him to join the International Young Men’s Christian Association Training School in Springfield, Massachusetts where he developed his talents.


After his graduation in 1894, he became a physical director of the Auburn, Maine YMCA and the following year, he took a similar opportunity in Holyoke, Massachusetts. This is where Morgan could establish, develop and direct his own programme of exercises and sports for male adults.


While trying to figure out, how to combine basketball, baseball, handball and tennis all together, Morgan developed a new sport called volleyball.


The history of volleyball goes back to the 19th century but for many years volleyball did not have standard rules in place to play a tournament. It was not until 1928, when the United States Volleyball Association (USVBA) was formed and official rules were finally set in stone.


Since then, volleyball has become a very well known sport all around the world. For some countries it is bigger than others but the rules are still quite a surprise for most. For all the volleyball lovers and for those who just start their volley adventure, here are:


Eight volleyball rules you did not know about:


1.Libero- the only position in volleyball, where player can only pass the ball and is not allowed to serve or spike it over the net. As this role does not require to jump high, the libero is usually the shortest player in team. Libero has also a different shirt color, which makes it eaasier to recognize them. 


2.During  the game, a player who is about to serve the ball, has only eight seconds to do so. After that time, if the ball is not deliver to the other side, the opposite team is given a point. But don’t worry too much, eight seconds in volleyball is much more time then it seems! 


3.In volleyball, a ball can only be touched three times during an exchange and a player cannot touch the ball more than once in a row. That sounds pretty simple, doesn’t it? Well for some, that is still quite a challenge.


4.A player, who is in the back court position, cannot cross the three metre line when spiking the ball over the net. This rule does not apply for beach volleyball as the beach court is smaller and the three metre line does not exist.


5.In volleyball, a ball can be played with any part of the body: head, leg shoulder or even foot. This is where players show their real athletic abilities.


6.Do not touch the net! This is treated as an error and the opposite team is given the point for free. So good advice for all the women out there thinking about playing volleyball- Tie your hair in a bun or you can always just shave your head, that is probably a much easier solution!


7.To win a set in volleyball, a team needs 25 points, however, there needs to be a two point difference in the scores between yours and the opposite team. If the score is 24:24, the set goes until one of the teams score two points in the row, and trust me that can go forever…


8.To win the whole game, a team needs to win three sets. That means the game can go as long as five sets. The fifth set is called ‘tiebreak’ and a team only needs 15 points to finish the game.